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Corktown Eye Care Myopia Control Center In Downtown Toronto, Ontario

Does Your Nearsighted Child Need a Stronger Vision Prescription Yearly?

Speak with our Toronto myopia specialist for treatment

Myopia, better known as nearsightedness, is a common vision condition among kids. Typically, nearsightedness is corrected easily with prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses. And when your child’s annual eye exam detects the need for a higher prescription, you’ll need to buy new eyewear to match it.

Children complain about having to wear glasses, and parents complain about the nuisance and expense of constantly buying new glasses or contacts. However, the problem with myopia is actually much bigger than those complaints. When myopia worsens continually, it can pose serious health problems for your child’s future vision. Your child’s risk of developing eye diseases, such as macular degeneration, retinal detachment, glaucoma, and cataracts, is increased by myopia.

At Corktown Eyecare, our Toronto myopia specialist provides effective treatment to control the progression of myopia. By stopping or slowing the rate of deterioration of nearsightedness, we can help reduce the long-term risks to your child’s vision. We want your child to clearly see and enjoy the beauty of their world for as long as possible!

Frequently Asked Questions About Myopia

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What Is Myopia?

Myopia, also referred to as being nearsighted, is a condition where light from objects in the distance focuses in the front of the eye instead of where it’s supposed to focus - the retina. This causes distance vision to distort and become blurry. Myopia starts in childhood and progressively deteriorates into young adulthood.

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What Is Progressive Myopia?

Because myopia is very often progressive, distance vision continues to get worse and worse. This means your child constantly needs an updated stronger prescription and new glasses or contacts. The progression of myopia often outpaces your child’s eye exams. Since learning is by and large visual, myopia negatively affects your child’s school performance. What’s more, the rate of progression of myopia directly correlates with the risk levels of developing vision-threatening eye diseases. Typically, myopia is broken down into these categories:

  • High Myopia
  • Moderate Myopia
  • Low Myopia

High, moderate and low correspond to how far the myopia has progressed; in other words, how strong a prescription is needed. Therefore, the higher the rate of myopia and progression, the greater the risks to your child’s vision.

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What Causes Myopia?

Myopic vision is caused when the eye becomes elongated and overly-curved in the front. This causes the objects we see to become blurry at a distance. In short, the signals to our eyes get distorted.

The exact cause of myopia is not entirely clear, although it seems to be a combination of genetics and environment. More and more, the evidence is pointing to two factors which seem to greatly affect incidence rates around the world: greatly reduced time outdoors and rapidly increasing time spent in front of digital devices such as computers, smartphones, and tablets.

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Why Are Rates of Myopia Increasing? Is Myopia An Epidemic?

While the exact causes of Myopia are not entirely certain, what is certain is that rates of myopia are drastically on the rise throughout the world. In fact, over 10 million American children have myopia, nearly double the incidence rate of myopia as compared to only a 2 decades ago.

The incidence of myopia in children is enough for it to be considered an epidemic, with the number expected to jump 40% worldwide by 2050. Myopia is currently the 6th leading cause of blindness worldwide, with that figure expected to rise.

Treating Nearsightedness With Glasses Or Contact Lenses, Isn’t That Enough?

Corrective lenses such as regular glasses or contact lenses refocus the light to compensate for the myopia. This is what allows someone with myopia to see more clearly. However, Lenses DO NOT address the myopia itself: the elongated eyeball or overly curved front of the eye and the risks associated with it.

How Is Myopia Dangerous? Isn’t Myopia Just Inconvenient?

What many people don’t know is that myopia is dangerous. Over recent years, the research has conclusively shown that myopia significantly increases the likelihood of a number of serious conditions which can rob your child of sight as he or she ages. This includes: Cataracts, Glaucoma, Macular Degeneration, and Retinal Detachment.

  • Cataracts and Myopia A child with medium to high myopia is 5 times more likely to develop cataracts in his or her lifetime. Cataracts is a condition where the lens of the eye clouds over and makes vision difficult or even impossible.
  • Glaucoma and MyopiaRates of glaucoma increase dramatically in children with myopia. A child with medium-high myopia is 3 times more likely to develop this serious condition, which occurs when fluid build up puts pressure on the eye causing irreversible damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness.
  • Retinal Detachment: Even Mild Myopia is DangerousNew research is showing that medium and high myopia significantly increases the risk of retinal detachment. A child with mild myopia, -4 to -7, is 21 times more likely to develop retinal detachment, while children with high myopia, worse than -7, are 44 times more likely to develop this serious vision condition.Retinal Detachment is a condition where the retina literally detaches from the layers beneath it. This causes lost fields of visions, flashes of light, floaters, and even total loss of your child’s eyesight.
  • Myopic Macular DegenerationMyopia occurs because the eye becomes increasingly elongated. When the progression of myopia is extremely high, or, malignant, it can cause the retina to be stretched, causing tears to form in the macula and bleeding in the areas beneath the retina. This can cause irreversible vision loss and blindness. Children with -5 to -7 have a 44 times greater increased risk of developing macular degeneration. The risk rises to 126 times for children with high myopia.

Control The Progression Of Your Child’s Myopia.

Book A Myopia Control Appointment

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Myopia Control for Kids

Our myopia specialist in Corktown Eyecare explains:

Most people understand that myopia is a vision condition in which you can see near objects clearly, but everything in the distance is blurred. But why does this nearsightedness happen?

With myopia, the normally round eye becomes elongated, resembling a football shape instead of a sphere. As a result, when light passes through the eye it doesn’t land in the center of the cornea where it should. It lands in the front part of the eye, causing distorted and fuzzy vision. While glasses and contact lenses can sharpen vision by adjusting for this distortion, they don’t address the underlying root of the problem. Consequently, as your child grows, the eye continues to change shape, and myopia worsens. Not only does this necessitate buying new, higher prescription eyewear regularly, but it also puts your child’s eyes at an increased risk for eye disease later in life.

Myopia control offers a way to slow or stop the progression of nearsightedness. There are three main types of myopia control that our Corktown Eyecare myopia specialist recommends: atropine therapy, soft multifocal contact lenses, and orthokeratology (ortho-k lenses). Read on for a basic explanation of these three methods of myopia control:

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Soft multifocal contact lenses are constructed with multiple prescriptions in a single lens.

Read More About Soft Multifocals

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Ortho-k lenses are specialized rigid contacts that inserted before bedtime and worn overnight.

Read More About Ortho-K Lenses

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Atropine eye drops have been used since the 1920s to treat myopia.

Read More About Atropine Drops

What Our Patients Are Saying...

Meet Our Myopia Control Optometrist


Sanjay Vakani, O.D.

Patients are all unique so I take an open-minded approach to the way I practice optometry. I want my patients to be informed from a health perspective and I want to engage and interact with them to help them maintain their personal ocular health. I want my patients to be...
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Dr. Sanjay Vakani is dedicated to protecting the long term vision health of children. Because of the overwhelming evidence now available proving the dangers of myopia, Dr. Sanjay Vakani founded Corktown Eye Care Myopia Control Center in order to provide the most advanced and effective myopia control throughout Ontario .

Proudly Provides Advanced Myopia Control In:

Downtown Toronto | Canary District | Distillery District | Lake Shore | and the State of Ontario